Literary periods

After watching the video Pat showed us and doing some research, we we did a timeline about the different literary periods, when did they take place and their characteristics. I worked with Tomas Braun and this is our timeline.

Secondly, if I had to choose which periods do I like the best, I would choose the Renaissance, the Victorian period and the Modern age. First of all, I would choose the Renaissance(1500-1660), as we have already studied many poems from this period and I really enjoyed it. Moreover, this period includes Shakespeare which is a great writer whose works we have also studied in the past years, and whose style I really like. Moreover, I would also choose the victorian period(1837-1901). This period included the critic and questioning of many social topics and is something I also find interesting. It also includes many sentimental novels which are also interesting to read. Finally, the one I liked the most is Modernism(1914-1945). The main reason I would choose this period is because it includes war poetry. Last year, we read many war poems and stories about war poets, which I really enjoyed. For this reason, I would choose the Modern period as the best one.

All my sons – Introduction. Matías Ripoll, TOmas Braun and Gonzalo Irazusta

Arthur miller information:

  • He was born on October 17th 1915 in New York and died on February 10th of 2005.
  • He had to work in odd jobs to get money for college, as his family lost everything in  the Wall Street Crash
  • He is best known for death of a salesman.
  • With his plays, he tried to raise social awareness.
  • He was married with his college sweetheart with whom he had 2 kids. Then they divorce.
  • After his first marriage, he married Marilyn Monroe, actress and sex symbol of Hollywood.
  • Miller bareilly writed while being with Monroe, but when she died after a year of their divorce, he was criticised of capitalizing their love a lot after the drama After the fall.
  • -He debuted with The Man who Had All The Luck, which received woeful reviews
  • -3 years later, he wrote All my Sons, which was a hit and gave him his first Tony award
  • Death of a Salesman was the peak of his career, winning almost every literary award, like the Pulitzer, the New York Drama Critics’ Circle Award and the Tony award
  • Miller bareilly writed while being with Monroe, but when she died after a year of their divorce, he was criticised of capitalizing their love a lot after the drama After the fall.


Individual task about all my sons:

Answer the following questions on your own. Then share what you have written with the members of your group.

  • How would you define a responsible person?

A responsible person is someone who makes decision by his own, and accepts the consequences of his own actions. It´s someone who knows how to behave and what should and should not be done, so therefore knows what are the effects of his doings.

  • Are you a responsible person? Why or why not? Give examples of people you know in your personal life or in the public domain who are responsible. How do these individuals support your definition?

I do think that I´m a responsible person as I see myself as someone who decides by himself and acts upon what he thinks. I also know that my actions have consequences and try to behave. Maybe I´m not as responsible as a grown up like my parents, for example, as I´m still a teenager. I believe my parents are responsible as they take more important decisions and conduct good behaviours, they work and know well how they have to behave and what they have to do always.

  • How does one learn to become a responsible person?
    Who are the “teachers” and where do we find them in our lives?

I believe that we behave to become a responsible person with the passing of time. First, as we grow up and mature, we learn more how we have to behave and act and start to accept the consequences of our own acts. Moreover, we become more responsible with experiences and everyday things which we undergo, as they teach us what to do in these situation. Our teachers are not only our family and professors but also our everyday experiences.

  • Is being responsible a character trait that you value a lot?
    Why or why not?

I do believe that being responsible is a valuable character trait as people need to make their own decisions, behave and do what it´s best for them and to the people thay are surrounded by. Also, it´s important as everyone needs to accepts the consequences of their actions, as people can´t act as they want and affects the others, without caring about the effects of their doings.

  • The Golden Rule is “Do unto others as you would have others do unto you.” What does this statement mean? Can you think of a situation in your own life in which you used this statement as the guiding principle for the action that you took? If “yes,” explain.

I think that this means that whatever you think that it´s hurtful to you and would affect you, you shouldn´t do it to another person. This means that people should act well and in the same way that they expect other people to act towards themselves. For example, sometimes it happens that a partner asks me to lend him something(a pen, a sheet of paper) and I do so. I know that if I were in his place I would like that he lent it to me, so I act in the same way that I wished the other people did upon me.

The destructors – Eportfolio

In the second term, we dedicated several classes to read the story ¨The Destructors¨. We started to read it all together and debating about literary devices, which appeared all along the story. We continued reading the story in class and some at home, but always discussing what was happening and how characters were affected with the development of the story.

The story was situated in London, after war had taken place and the consequences had been left. Everytjing was destroyed, every building and street, except for one house. The story shows how war left the society broke apart, with everything and everyone destroyed, physically and psychollogically. This is also shown by the acts done and taken by Trevor and his gang. The write shows how the gang needs to destroy the last house that was left for the war, to start all over again and begin from cero. With Pato, we discussed three conflicts. The first one is that one, called construction VS destruction, showing they had to demolish the last house remianing for the society to start all over again and build everything from cero again. The second conflict was the problems on who directe the gang, as Blackie was the leader of the gang, commanding every activity and plan of the gang, until Trevor arrived and proposed the demolishment of Old Misery´s house, acquiring leadership. The last conflict which we discussed was the one of Trevor with his one self. He belonged to a wealthy and well-educated family and as he belonged to this gang, he wanted to do things improper of him, showing this internal conlflict he had with himself, with his history and his wish of belonging to the gang. After discusing these conflicts and the story, we had to answer five questions in pairs. This is the work I did with Tomás Braun.

I really enjoyed reading this stroy as it was very catching. As we were reading the story, it became more catching and interesting, as each class one of this three conflicts appeared. Moreover, the fact that we discussed the story all together, exchanging opinions and points of view, helped a lot to understand even more the story and each confclit. In addition, all along the story, the writer is constantly adding suspense, causing intrigue and will to keep reading. This is another reason why I enjoyed reading this story. Finally, the fact that the questions were answered in pairs, helped me both in the questionnaire and for the term test, as I understood thanks to my partner, things I maybe wouldn´t have.


I could connect the conflict of constructions VS destruction with something that happens to me, and I do belive tha to many people in our lives. They needed to destroy Old Misery´s house, the last standing house, for the society to be built from cero again, and to start it development as one. I do belive that this happens to me. When we are sad or aren´t undergoing a great moment, in order to start al over again and begin to recover and feel better, sometimes we need to unload and discharge what we have left, as the gang did with the house. I felt identified with this conflict as its common that people after maybe crying a lot or discharging all the anger or sadness can overcome a difficult situation, similar to what happened to the society, which had been destroyed by the war.


Picture poem – Eportfolio

About two weeks ago, Pato told us to look for an image we had taken and that we liked. Based on this image, we should first look for five nouns, five adjectives and five verbs which could be seen or could be related to this image. After doing this, we should make two literary devices about this image. With the literary devices, the nouns, adjectives and verbs, we should make our own poem, as we liked. Although it was a very open activity, with plenty of choices and options to do, it was a little bit complex and difficult, but much more entertaining and fun, for myself. I chose a picture I had taken one week before in Independiente´s stadium. After selecting everything Pato told us to, I wrote the following poem, showing and trying to show in it how passionate I and every Independiente fan is for the club, and how every match is lived in the LDA.


I really enjoyed performing this activity. To begin with, I liked the fact that I could do it individually, as I could express and write whatever I wanted about, without needing to consult and ask someone else if they agreed. Although sometimes writing essays or doing works in pairs helps to exchange ideas and complement each other, I´m really glad this activity was individual, otherwise I wouldn’t have been able to express fully as I wished. Moreover, the fact the option and task was so open and free to choose was also great, as I could write about my passion and however I wanted to. I really enjoyed writing this poem and didn’t see it like a task or a work, but as a way of putting in words something I really enjoyed doing every weekend. Also, changing and doing different activities is always nice instead of doing always the same things. Having the chance of varying is enjoyable and fun, and even more if we are able to use things we have learnt to express ourselves about whatever we like or want. 

This is my work.

I could relate and connect this activity with two things. On the one hand, the most obvious one is my passion, football and Independiente. As it was about what my poem was about, a lot of memories and moments came to my head when writing the poem. I had plenty of things to connect and express about and this is thanks to how much I love playing football and going to this stadium. When I was writing the poem I felt as if I was in the stadium, chanting and cheering up the players, feeling the atmosphere and climate. 


On the other hand, I could also relate this with an activity we did with our Art teacher in the first term. In this one, we had to choose a picture we liked of ourselves doing something that we liked, draw it and finally develop why we had picked that picture and why we liked what we were doing. It made me remember about this activity, as first we were free to choose a picture we liked or something we enjoyed doing, and also the freedom to do whatever we wanted was the same in both activities. Finally, both in the literature and art activity we had to describe in some way why we liked this picture o why we chose it.

The lady in the looking glass: A reflection – E-portfolio

One of the activities I enjoyed the most was when we read and analysed the story “The Lady in the looking glass: a reflection”, by Virginia Woolf. First of all, we did research about the author and the context and background of the story. She fought for women’s rights and was a courageous woman, and very revolutionary for that time. This research allowed us to know the context and background of the story and the author’s biography. The story has a really interesting development and plot twist. The main character is Isabella, who appears to hide her true inside by showing through the outside another side and many layers who hide her true self. From the outside, she appeared to be someone who was cared for, with many letters from friends and appreciated her. However, as we reach the end, we realize that those “letters” turned out to be bills. This showed Isabella’s two sides. The one from the outside, which was the one she showed to everyone,to hide her other and true self, from the inside. She was lonely and had many debts, which she wanted know about, hiding them behind these layers of life. Virginia Woolf uses metaphors, comparisons and similes to show these two sides of Isabella, throughout the house’s appearances. As well as Isabella, the inside of the house was creepy, dark and messy, but from the outside, you could see a colourful garden with many flowers and hiding this darkness with a lot of brightness and positivity.


       I really liked this activity for several reasons. First of all, the story was incredible and fascinating from every aspect. The amount of comparisons and diverse metaphors to represent one thing used by Woolf was really impressive. Moreover, the use of symbols such as the mirror and how it reflected someone’s inside and outside also caught my attention a lot. In addition, the way message given by Woolf is very true and worth to think about. Isabella is very unhappy as she hides her true self with layers filled with lies, and with this Wool wants to transmit that we need to accept how we are, and love ourselves as we are. We don’t have to be afraid of what we like, what we do, or how we are, and begin to love ourselves with our good and bad things, no matter what others may think or say.

          This activity is connected to our everyday life. At least I felt really identified with Woolf’s message. I sometimes hide what I like to do or act in a different way according to who I am with, fearing what people may think or say. Everyone has sometimes experienced this and mainly adolescents have. Although I might keep doing it sometimes without realizing, the poem and message given by Virginia helped me to understand that I have to stop hiding my true self, and be how I really am. I don’t need to be afraid to show my true self, as I have good things and bad things, which is good to accept them. It’s true, as Virginia shows, that by loving yourself and liking how you are with your good and bad things you will be happier, as hiding your true self like Isabella leads to loneliness and unhappiness. You have to be proud of who you are, accept your positive and negative aspects and love yourself, letting everyone to know your true self.

E-portfolio – I hear an army

Some weeks ago, Pato told us to choose a poem and in pairs analyze it. I worked with Tomás Braun and we chose the poem “I Hear an army”, by James Royce. We should first of all look for information about the author and the literature period. After doing this, we should analyze the title of the poem, look for the theme, the tone and literary devices. Finally, we should look for one illustration for each stanza. All of these tasks should be combined into one presentation. We were also able to find out about a very interesting poem and about James Royce. This is the presentation I made with Tomás Braun.

This activity was also helpful for us. I was able to discuss with my partner about what we should and shouldn’t  include. In this way, I could see another perspective and point of view other than mine. I learned about a new literature period, Imagism and also learnt more about war poetry, thanks to this poem. Moreover, by having a partner with whom I could discuss and ask, I could understand the poem easier. He helped me to clear my doubt and I did the same thing. Although sometimes individual work is helpful, group work does not only allows us to exchange ideas, but also to have someone who can clear our doubts and answer our questions if we have some.

Finally, this poem is very related and connected to what we studied and saw in the first term, war poetry. We analyzed poems such as “Soldier, rest” or “Death”, which show the hardships and difficulties underwent by soldiers along warfare. War poetry shows how tragic war is, and this poem also narrates and presents the trauma caused in soldiers. Our poem, “I hear an army”, leads with the suffering of war and how tragic it is. The title, foreshadows that the poem is going to deal with the nightmares and horrors of war, as it presents an army approaching the narrator, which is being hunted. This is how I find a strong connection between the poem and war poetry, as “I hear an army” narrates the horrors of war, as well as the rest of the poems we studied in the first term. Finally, this is also related to what it’s happening nowadays, as many countries(in Asia for example) are at war, and have to undergo this trauma and the hardships war causes.

Cartulina- Eportfolio

Después de leer El coronel no tiene a quien le escriba Del amor y otros demonios de Gabriel García Márquez, Cami nos asignó un trabajo práctico sobre estos libros y Latinoamerica. Nos dividimos en 5 grupos distintos y cada uno debería tratar con una característica de Latinoamerica, explicando cómo se hace y se hizo presente en América Latina y como se relaciona con estas novelas. Nuestro grupo se conforma por Tomás Braun, Juan Elía, Francisco Montoya y yo, y la característica con la que tratamos fue “La pobreza”. Nosotros, comenzamos nuestra presentación y cartulina hablando de la pobreza latinoamericana en 1950, en Colombia. En esta época, Colombia y Latinoamerica vivía en una extrema pobreza, y como dijo la Secretaria ejecutiva de la Cepal, el 55% de Latam vivía en pobreza. Así, relacionamos esto con lo que narra Márquez en El coronel no tiene a quien le escriba, ya que muestra como el coronel y su esposa casi ni comían y su única fuente económica y esperanza para salir de la pobreza era el gallo. Luego, mostramos cómo se hace presente la pobreza actualmente, en Venezuela, dónde alcanzó el 80% y también hablamos del resto de los países latinoamericanos.

Esta es la cartulina que realizamos:

Este trabajo práctico fue muy importante y me ayudó personalmente. Primero, porque al trabajar en grupo podemos compartir distintos puntos de vistas y opiniones. El trabajo en grupo nos sirve para poder complementarnos y cada uno aportar distintas ideas. Además, el trabajo me permitió ver cómo fue evolucionando la pobreza en nuestra historia y poder ver la realidad que atraviesa Venezuela. Finalmente, la cartulina sirvió mucho para poder ver visualmente y analizar distintos aspectos de la pobreza. También es una forma creativa de presentar algo, ya que nos permite salir un poco de los textos para presentar fotos, con flechas que ayuda también a entender.

Finalmente, esta actividad se puede relacionar con una que hicimos hace un par de semanas con Pat en literature. En esta, debíamos hablar sobre un conflicto actual, hablar sobre los participantes, mostrar una foto o un poema y encontrar una solución. Yo elegí la inestabilidad actual en Venezuela. A pesar de que hablé principalmente de la dictadura del país, la pobreza y el hambre en Venezuela cada vez aumenta más, tal como describo en la actividad. Esto se relaciona con este trabajo que realizamos en Lengua, en el que explicamos y presentamos a la pobreza como una principal característica de Latinoamerica, teniendo como ejemplo a Venezuela y sus problemas económicos actuales.


The lady in the looking glass: a reflection

After reading and discussing “The lady in the looking glass: a reflection”, Pato told us to answer in pairs some questions from her blog. This is the work Tomas Braun and I did.

The lady in the looking glass



Question 2: The unnamed narrator attempts to construct a portrait of the Isabella Tyson that consisits of her outer self and her inner self. The portrait is reflected in the objects inside and outside the house as they reflect in the mirror. Describe the images reflected in the mirror.


2) The narrator builds the inner and outer self of Isabella from the things and objects reflected in the room and in the garden. On the one hand, the inside of her is represented as an empty, dark room. In there, strange creatures and shapes danced through the joyless room. For example, there were “petals falling” and “ curtains blowing”, giving a gloomy atmosphere. On the other hand, her outer self is represented by a garden full of life and joy. It was full of colorful flowers and moving creatures.


Question 3:

What kind of contrast is there between the objects inside the house and outside the house, as they are reflected in the mirror?


3- The contrast between the inside of the house and the outside, allows the reader to see and compare this contrast to Isabella’s inner and outer self. In the inside of the house, we can see chaos, mess and a lot of creatures, showing how horrible and dark the inside of it is. However, the outside is still, quiet and colorful. This contrast which is reflected in the mirror can make us realize that Isabella’s inside and her mind was a chaos and a mess, although from the outside we could see calmness and that she seemed organised.


Question 4:

Describe how the narrator attempts to compose the portrait through the mood inside the room, through her own imagination, and through the presentation of Isabella in the mirror


4-By describing the mood inside the room, throughout the mirror, we can realize how Isabella is presented and described. The room, in the inside, is dark, spooky and with many creatures. Moreover, everything is a chaos and a mess, with chairs all over the place. We can compare the room with Isabella’s inner self and mind. Although she shows another thing in the outside(like the garden) we can see that in the inside her kind is a chaos. Her mind is reflected with the room and the inside of the house, by the mirror, showing a straight connection between them.


Question 6:

What material objects inside and outside the house does the narrator use to imagine Isabella’s life?


6) On the one hand, for her inner self the author chose to represent her with furniture Isabella bought during her various trips to foreign countries. For example, the “rugs, chairs, cabinets” that were afforded in the “most obscure parts of the world”.  the other hand, the main thing the author uses to describe Isabella’s outer self is the various types of colorful flowers, like “white and violet blossoms” and roses.


Question 7:

What are Isabella’s letters supposed to conceal, according to the narrator? What would one know if one could only read them?


7- These letters, at the beginning are supposed to be love letters from relationships, boyfriends and friends, who showed their affliction and care for her. They are supposed to be “appointments to meet”, “long letters of intimacy and affection”. She seemed to be a person with lots of bonds, and relationships, with a lot of friends who were constant seeking to reach her throughout numerous letters. Despite this fact, in the end, we realize that these letters were bills which she had been hiding, showing that although we saw in the outside a sociable and rich person(garden), she had a lot of bills to pay and no one talked to her. In the end, we understand she was lonely and not so sociable as we thought.


Question 8:

At the end of the story, according to the narrator, is it possible to know objectively one’s inner reality?


8) What the author tries to transmit with the story is that most of the times we have two versions of us: one that we show to everybody and is superficial, and other that is personal and its empty and dark. At the end, the writer shows it is possible to know one’s inner self, as there is an epiphanic moment in which she discovers “ she was perfectly empty”. This means she was dead alive, and had no purpose of loving another person, and she herself was able to discover it. She realised all the colorful flowers and life she showed to others didn’t represent her real self at all.


Find a picture of a room inside and a garden to illustrate the house in the story

Read the following text. How is this related to the story?


The main feature that relates it with the story is that the text presents two women who represent the two extremes of women stereotypes in the XXth century: the angel and the mad. In “The Lady in the Looking Glass”, these are represented through Isabella’s inner and outer self; one which is very joyful and colorful, and other which is dark and tactless. Moreover, the text deals with Women and their rights at the times when Virginia Woolf lived, and we can also say that the author of our story was on the “monster” side.