Starting our e-portfolio

In the our last literature class, our teacher pato, told us to start with our project, the e-portfolio, which is a tool that allows us not only to learn but keep process o what we do. The first task was to watch a video and read a text on her blog, and write a text summarizing what they talk about and the connection between them. after this, we would have to look and read 3 portfolios from the previous year and talk about why we liked and what it missed.

Task 1: watch the video.

Task 2: read the text.

Task 3: Make connections between the video and the text. Write the summary.

An e-portfolio is a website build by ourselves in which we add and put all of our learning to get it recorded and saved. Not only it allows students to learn,but it also lets us keep track of what we are studying. In addition, an e-portfolio is a way in which can connect and relate different classes, which seem to have nothing in common but end up providing help for another subject. E-portfolios is a way to reflect and express in a website what you learn, the work you do but also things yo enjoy doing. Moreover, as the video well explains, an e-portfolio allows students to improve semester after semester, year after year, as these records lead to self-evaluation and correction of mistakes. By looking back to what you have done, instead of throwing each essay or work you do, you can correct and change what you’ve done wrong, leading to improvement and development in that subject. Furthermore, e-portfolio invites us to talk about what we study or learn, but also about what we like and enjoy, improving not only the way we talk and express but also our creativity. Also, although this website may be started by your own and without anyone you share with, you may share it through dialogues or interaction, making it social and learning with another person.

Task 4:

Visit some blogs from the students who are in Senior 5 now. Check out their last year portfolios. Choose 3 students and say:

-what you like about their portfolio

-what is missing according to what you have read

1: Silvestre Braun

I really enjoyed reading Silvestre’s portfolio due to the dedication he put into it. He talked about each literature work they did, but in a different way. Although he developed the message about every story or poem they read, what I mostly liked about it was his capacity to relate every story or poem with things that happened to him in his daily life and what he enjoyed. For example, he related the story «The girl in the looking-glass» with his spiritual retreat or how the poem «Ode on Melancholy» made him remember about the argentinian rock songs he loved. This is the positive and great side about his portfolio which I really liked. The only detail that I think that was missing was maybe an interaction or relation with others students from his class or with other portfolios.

2: Juana Perez Muniz

Secondly, I also found Juana’s portfolio attractive and catching. She did not only explained deeply each work and talked a lot about the poems, stories and it’s relations, she also added a lot of pictures, images and colours which made the portfolios attractive for me to read. I think that her portfolio was really creative and innovative, because she looked for different ways to transmit what she thought, in means of posters, pictures or presentations. Juana’s portfolio was very catching and colorful, together with a lot of information and connection within the literature work and her life, however, as well as Silvestre’s I think that it lacked interaction with another students. Despite this, it’s creativity and colors made the portfolio really interesting.

3: Jero leguizamón

Finally, Jero’s portfolio was also a great and creative portfolio, not only because he also added images and pictures, but because he related a lot the poems and story’s messages with his life and experiences. I also think that he was very dedicated to his portfolio and put a lot of work into it. Moreover, it was also a great portfolio as it was easy to understand and follow as it is well organised. The only thing I do believe that could have be worked out more was as well as Silvestre’s and Juana’s his interaction with the rest of the class, as it was mainly self-reflection and analysis rather than sharing with others.

 

 

Literature – Self-reflection

Prepare a last post in your blog with your reflections on your own learning.

Here some questions to guide you. (you do not need to answer all the questions, just use them to guide your thinking)

Imagen relacionada

  1. Now that it’s over, what are my first thoughts about this overall year? Are they mostly positive or negative?
  2. If positive, what comes to mind specifically? Negative?
  3. What were some of the most interesting discoveries I made while working on Literature? About the subject? About myself? About others?
  4. What were some of my most challenging moments and what made them so?
  5. What were some of my most powerful learning moments and what made them so?
  6. What is the most important thing I learned personally? What moments was I most proud of my efforts?
  7. How well did I and my school mates communicate overall?
  8. What were some things my school mates did that helped me to learn or overcome obstacles?
  9. Were my objectives and goals mostly met, and how much did I deviate from them if any?
  10. What did I learn were my greatest strengths? My biggest areas for improvement?
  11. What would I do differently if I were to approach this subject again?
  12. Could I teach what I have learnt to someone else easily? Why or why not?
  13. What could I do differently from a personal standpoint the next time I work with the same group or a different one?
  14. What’s the one thing about myself above all others I would like to work to improve?
  15. How will I use what I’ve learned in the future?

REFLECTION:

My views and thoughts about this year are mostly positive. I managed to understand most of the poems ans stories well thanks to the analysis we made in class together. We made essays on most of the poems and stories and these ones, together with the analysis we made with Pat, helped me on the Literature IGCSE exam. I also think I generally did well on the IGCSE, which was my main aim of this year, and this is also positive. The most challenging moment was the Literature IGCSE exam, as it was something we had been preparating for all throughout secondary. I was nervous and although it wasn’t so difficult and complex, I expected to be so, causing me to be nervous and making it a challenging moment. My most powerful learning moments were when we discussed the stories and poems together. Maybe I disn’t understand them entirely when I read it on my own, but by discussing about it I managed to finally understand them. I was proud of my efforts when I had to sit for the IGCSE and I had essays and analysis I had done to study from. Although I had some material from myself, i think that the help  my classmates provided to me was also essential. They helped me to understand some things I wouldn’t have understood by myself. My greatest improvement was on producing essays and understanding poems. However, I think I still have to improve in the understanding poems and making introductions as these are my biggest weakenesses.

Literature – Activity

After reading Billenium, we discussed the story in class and analysed it altogether. After doing this last class, our Literature teacher, Pat, asked us to answer in groups some questions about Billenium. I did it with Bautista Buljevich and Olivia Obligado and these are our answers:

  • 1. Write a detailed synopsis of the story.


This story, called Billenium, is situated in the future. There is overpopulation and for this reason people are forced to live in small cubicles. The population density is too high, so the government limits the people’s living space. People are forced to create bonds and friendships with people living nearby, as the old friends live far away and it’s impossible to visit them. Family traditions and relations are weakened for the same reason. Money loses value as, and richness is represented by having land. Ward and rossiter were close friends who decided to live together so that they could have more than one cubicle. They discover a hidden room which allows them to have more space. They invite girls to the room, who later on invite their relatives. They end up having the same space as before. For this reason, they decide to remove the wardroom. This shows that billenium is a circular story, as they want to have more space but when they get it, they buy furniture which occupies room and invite more people.

  • 2. Discuss the theme of over-population and the effect it has on both the way of life and quality of life of the inhabitants of the city.

 

          The term ‘overpopulation’ explains the reality of that society which lives without space, that is to say that there are more people than place where to live. It is ironic the condition of getting more place since  to obtain it, you have to marry and have three children so that finally they give you an apartment with more place. However, not only the place increases but also the people, so the department ends up being small and oppressive due to the number of inhabitants inside.

 

  • 3. The quest for living space has become an overriding obsession with the people of the city. Discuss this theme in detail. Include in your answer some discussion of the ways in which Ballard makes the quest for space dominate the characters’ lives.

 

In “Billenium”, people’s most precious and valuable thing was space. They have a quest for living space. When Ward found a lot of space to live, he reduced it by sharing it with other people, as he used to live in a very little place.

  • 4. What sort of relationship does Ballard put forward between the inner world of the individual (as represented by Ward and Rossiter) and the outer world in which they live. In other words, how does Ballard conceptualise the effect of surviving daily life in a hopelessly over-crowded city on the consciousness of the individual as demonstrated by the ways in which Ward and Rossiter manage the gift of space in the secret room they discover?

 

Ballard creates similarities about the inner world of the individual and the outer one. In the outer worlds, it can be seen that people hate to live like this, as they can’t visit their relatives, go to have lunch and spent hours travelling. The government can solve over-population by imposing different measures but instead decides to solve over-population by encouraging people to have more kids. In the inner world, meaning the way in which Ward and Rossiter manage the gift of space, something similar happens. They hate living in small cubicles but luckily they find a secret room which has lots of space. Instead of enjoying it, they overpopulate ir and invite people to occupy it. Both events show that Billenium is a circular story which will eventually lead to the same spot, overpopulation.

  • 5. In the story, Ballard does attempt some sort of explanation of the social, political and economic causes of the extreme over-population that has beset the world. Explain his views as they are presented in the story.

Ballard does attempt some sort of explanation of the social, political and economic causes of the extreme overpopulation that has beset the world by explaining that the resposables of it was the government as they said that if you wanted to have a more spacious place, you had to have three children. So, this made the problem of overpopulation develop, as by the time, the population increased.

 

  • 6. Do you agree with his argument? Do you think that current population growth projections indicate that we are likely to end up in the situation portrayed in the story?

 

I do not think that people in the future will live in cubicles at all. This Is because there are many people in charge of having that issue under control. Moreover, there are many measures are being carried out to prevent what happened in the story “Billenium”.

  • 7. Describe and analyse Ward’s character in some detail. What values does he hold? Why does Ballard make use of this type of character as the main character for this story?

John Ward is the protagonist of the story and works at a library. He has a friend called Henry Rossiter and they both share a living space. Ward hates the government, the authority and the landlords, as they reduce their living space, and designate the slight cubicles in which people live. However, at the end, Ward ends up being the landlord who decides who should enter the room, what should be removed and how the space should be distributed. He becomes what he hated and Ballard chooses him as the protagonist to show this contrast.

 

  • 8. What role does Rossiter play in the story?

 

Rossiter is a close friend of the main character, Ward. However he is a more aggressive character as it is the one who persuades Ward to let their girlfriends into the spacious room, affecting also the girls families. Rossiter also sacrifices the Victorian wardrobe, a symbol of total beauty at that times.

  • 9. Describe the role of the female characters in the story.

There are two female characters in the story. They are called Judith and Helen. Their role in the tale was to bring their family to the cubicle that was found by their friends, Ward and Rossiter. As a consequence, the new space that was found was not beneficial to the protagonists and His friends although they had found it.

 

  • 10. Discuss the effects that overpopulation and its attendant ills has had on the nature of family life in relation to Ward’s family as well as Judith and Helen’s family relationships.

 

The effects of overpopulation caused people to have more kids, as they would have a bigger cubicle. However, by encouraging people to have kids and reproduce, you are not solving overpopulation but fomenting it’s growth. For this reason, the ills of overpopulation, cause people to have more space and have a family life to acquire more space. Despite this fact, the having of a family means the sharing of space between five, which again reduces the space and increases the population density. This again shows that Billenium is a circular story.  

  • 11. What does the secret room symbolise in the story?

 

  The secret room symbolises the urgent need of privacity. In addition it also represents the lack of freedom and therefore, of space.

  • 12. Why do you think Ward and Rossiter are unable to keep the gift of space to themselves? Is Ballard making a comment on how our inner world ultimately reflects the shape of the external world in which we live?

 

Ward and Rossiter were unable to keep the gift of space to themselves because they used to live in cubicles, so when they found the new “gigant” cubicle they had to share it. They couldn’t take advantage on the new place to live.

  • 13. What sort of living arrangement do they eventually end up allowing (and accommodating to) in their secret room?

Ward and Rossiter were willing to have more space so they moved together to a new place, where they find the secret room, which would bring them much more space. However, they invite people and people. First, some girls and then the girls’ relatives. In the end, they end up allowing the same or a worse sort of living arrangement. The large room was divided into seven people, so they ended up living in smaller cubicles. The finding of the room was non-sense and they wasted their chance of having a comfortable life, as they had adapted to a suffocating and uncomfortable sort of living arrangement.

  • 14. Discuss Ballard’s style and language in the story? Consider also in what ways it is appropriate to the nature of the story being told.

Ballard uses different writing techniques to emphasize and explain to the readers his point of view about the overpopulation. The author uses oxymoron and hyperbaton to refers and depict his feelings towards the society and the conditions in which they lived. All along the story  the word “cubicle” is named, emphasizing that that society was destined to live in an oppressive and extremely small place.

Description and poem of the Pilar Church – Matías Ripoll and Tomas Braun

Description of the Church

The church of Pillar is situated in Recoleta, Buenos Aires. It was built as a part of the Franciscan monastery in 1732 and is dedicated to our lady of the Pillar. It is the second-oldest church and its construction was begun by the Italian Andres Blanqui and finished under Juan Bautista Primoli. Despite its antiquity, this church keeps attracting people.

From distance, you can appreciate a delightful garden with two brick-made sideroads. The garden is made of a perfectly cut and greenish grass covered with white and growing flowers. Black fences surround the garden working as protection. The outside of the church has a white color and it contains rectangular windows all over the front side of it. The church has a triangular-shaped roof and on the left of it at the top, a white bell can be seen. The entrance of the Church of Pilar is white and has black gratings to forbid the access to it. As you get in, there is an area with a brick-made floor which leads to the big wooden gate, which gives access to the inside of the kirk

As you enter, you can perceive two lines of brownish benches and between them, a thin corridor is made. This one leads to the altar of the church and three chairs in which the priest and the altar boys sit. In addition a golden-made and huge sculpture which has, at the center of it, our lady of the pillar. At the sides of the church white columns with significative Christian statues can be seen. The ceiling is white, giving the inside of the church a light color.

All in all, the church of pilar has a delightful appearance in both the inside and outside of it, and it is for this reason that many tourists decide to visit it every day.

 

 

Poem – The Pilar Church

 

Built by his followers,

Lighted by his angelical advice

Even the Lord was flabbergasted

by the souls it enticed

 

The white walls illuminated their faith

The greenish grass lighted a delightful day while the Lord waited for their entrance

accepting every one of their repentance

 

And through the wooden gates, there she stands,

Delightfully seeing everyone’s face

In front of her, her dead son,

The Lord’s word being said for everyone in the place

 

She is not alone there, though,

Sunday noon fills her house with pained,

Agonising spirits,  praying for help and salvation,

A man kindly speaks “it’s okay to be afraid”

 

As big as a Roman temple,

Her greatness as big as a Church,

Standing above the Pilar,

Jesus’ utterances being said,

“It’s okay to be afraid”, they say,

“My fault, hit me with your birch”.

Literature activity-Sredni Vashtar

This is our analysis on the 14th paragraph of the story. I worked with Abril Teran Frias, Bautista Buljevich, Mora Lemos and Sol Santayama.

 

Sredni Vashtar – Paragraph 14

Bautista Buljevich, Matías Ripoll, Abril Terán Frías, Sol Santayana and Mora Lemos

 

Conradin shut his lips tight, but the Woman ransacked his bedroom till she found the carefully hidden key, and forthwith marched down to the shed to complete her discovery. It was a cold afternoon, and Conradin had been bidden to keep to the house. From the furthest window of the dining-room the door of the shed could just be seen beyond the corner of the shrubbery, and there Conradin stationed himself. He saw the Woman enter, and then he imagined her opening the door of the sacred hutch and peering down with her short-sighted eyes into the thick straw bed where his god lay hidden. Perhaps she would prod at the straw in her clumsy impatience. And Conradin fervently breathed his prayer for the last time. But he knew as he prayed that he did not believe. He knew that the Woman would come out presently with that pursed smile he loathed so well on her face, and that in an hour or two the gardener would carry away his wonderful god, a god no longer, but a simple brown ferret in a hutch. And he knew that the Woman, would triumph always as she triumphed now, and that he would grow ever more sickly under her pestering and domineering and superior wisdom, till one day nothing would matter much more with him, and the doctor would be proved right. And in the sting and misery of his defeat, he began to chant loudly and defiantly the hymn of his threatened idol:

                            Sredni Vashtar went forth,

His thoughts were red thoughts and his teeth were white.

His enemies called for peace, but he brought them death.

                            Sredni Vashtar the Beautiful.

 

In this paragraph, Mrs De Ropp finally finds the shed´s key, which would lead her to discover Conradin´s ferret. Meanwhile, Conradin, who was asked to stay inside the house, was in the corner of the dining-room, from where he could see the door of the shed. When the guardian finally entered, Conradin saw her and imagined the woman opening the door of the shed and seeing the bed made of straw where his god lay (Sredni Vashtar). She would push the sacred bed, due to her clumsy impatience. He was powerless and could do nothing, she was about to behead his god. So Conradin prayed the ferret one last time, asking for something he did not believe it would be possible to happen. He knew Mrs. De Ropp would come out of the shed, and after some hours the ferret, a divine creature for him, would have gone, as it happened with the hen. He knew that his only chance of escaping from the house’s voice and authority wouldn’t be there anymore. He knew that she would triumph again, and, therefore, he would continue growing and living under his guardian authority, until what the doctor had predicted would be real. But he mainly realized that this was his end, and Conradin, feeling misery of being the loser again, started repeating the hymn of his god.

The narrator in this paragraph is third person limited to Conradin. This means that we perceive the situation through Conradin’s point of view and feelings. The narrator focuses on Conradin. On the other hand, we are not able to see what happens to Mrs. De Ropp, not what she discovers inside the shed. Consequently, we are aligned with Conradin. We perceive the world and context through the main character’s senses. We can identify Conradin sees Mrs. De Ropp enter the shed, and how he feels towards her discovery. She comes out victorious because her objective was finally find out what kept Conradin busy, which is what happens. Moreover, this paragraph is the climax of the story. It is the moment of more tension which represents Conradin’s misery and loss again. In the paragraph Mrs De Ropp’s discovery is seen by Conradin as a great victory for her; “he knew that the Woman, would triumph always as she triumphed now”, we can see how, for the kid, the discovery of the hidden ferret represents her victory which, from his viewpoint, was his loss and misery.   He feels beaten, because the discovery of the guardian means the sell of the creature, which was really special to Conradin. The little boy knows she would find his ferret, ”and that in an hour or two the gardener would carry away his wonderful god…”, he believes his guardian discover would culminate with the sell of the animal, which makes him feel even worse. We can see all this through Conradin’s point of view.

In this paragraph, we can see through Conradin’s pain and suffering what happens in the climax, how he undergoes the terrible situation of seeing the always victorious and cousin of him, Mrs de Ropp, always get away with it and be constantly his authority.

Another literary device showed in the paragraph is oxymoron. This is showed in the end when the writer expresses «triumph» and «defeat». This device shows how Conradin feels beaten and that Mrs de Ropp will take pleasure in his suffering and pain, as she would kill the god and continue being the authority of the house and Conradin a prisoner of this one.

The reason why it is in third person limited is because we need to see Conradin’s point of view and what he thinks, his imagination to realize who is the real authority and how is the tension created in the story. This paragraph shows it clearly, as the tension is built up in his mind, while he imagines a series of acts. For example, “He knew that the Woman would come out presently with that pursed smile he loathed so well on her face, and that in an hour or two the gardener would carry away his wonderful god”. This quote shows Conradin´s feelings and reaction to the situation(creating tension), which wouldn´t be seen if the point of view was 3rd person omniscient and not limited to his view of scenes.

In addition, in this paragraph, Conradi’s imagination is essential, as well as in all the story. In this part of the story, he imagines the horrible reaction that Mrs de Ropp would have when she would open the door and would see the bed made of straw where his god, Sredni Vashtar, laid. This story without Conrad’s imagination would not be the same, because as the point of View is limited to Conradin, we can perceive his feelings, and thoughts, which are very important​ in this tale.

Talking about the style used by the writer, we can see the author uses literary devices, as oxymoron, and expresses ideas and emotions through a complex and strong vocabulary. He uses a very descriptive style in this paragraph which helps readers imagine and understand the situation. Along all the story the writer uses a macabre style expressed and developed by the characters. In this paragraph, Conradin’s imagination and feelings are expressed in macabre style, because he imagined that Mrs de Ropp’s reaction was going to be a horrible one “Perhaps she would prod at the straw in her clumsy impatience”, here is a quotation from where we can realize what does Conradin thought when Mrs de Ropp opened the door. Conradin´s fantastic own world makes him believe and think Mrs De Ropp actions are only to bother him, as with the sell of the hen.  

In this paragraph we can see how the author led us to infer that the story would end with the victory of Mrs De Ropp. Conradin expresses his deep feelings of pain and misery which makes us think the guardian would achieve her objective. However, as we read the story we know Mrs. De Ropp is the loser.

In this paragraph we can see that Conradin felt defeated by his guardian again, he had been beaten. He thought that she would do the same as she did to the hen. It was the feeling of not winning, he felt that his guardian had passed over him. “He knew that the woman would come out presently with a pursed smile”, with the great feeling of being the winner. “The Woman would triumph always as she triumphed now”, as he also felt miserable because of knowing that the guardian had power over him, and he felt inferior.  The feeling that we could see the most in this paragraph is Conradin’s pain. He felt like this because the Woman discovered the shed, she entered there, she might see the ferret laid on the bed made of straw. The ferret was a very important thing in conradin’s life, because the ferret( sredni Vashtar) was his god, the one who conradin made offers and prayed to. With Sredni Vashtar he felt accompanied and also he felt that he had someone in his life. good analysis.

A view from the bridge

Activity(Before reading):

Questions:

1- Important facts about Arthur Miller.

2- When was it written?

3- Historical and social context(Find information about Italian immigration to the USA after WW2)

ANSWERS

1-

-He was born in Harlem, New York in October 17th of 1915.

– His writing was influenced because he lived both wars.

– He is considered one of the greatest American playwrights of the 20th century.

– His father was a Polish and Jewish immigrant in the USA.

– His writing was much influenced by his childhood memories and by his political concerns about what he has to dealt with during the 1930s and the 1940s.

– He debuted in Broadway in 1944 with his writing play “The Man Who Had All The Luck”.

– In 1957, he was accused of being part of the communist party.

2- This book, was written on September 22nd of 1955 and published on September 29th of the same year.

3- Because of Mussolini’s death and the end of WW2, Italy entered in an economic depression. Because of this reason, almost 700,000 Italians decided to look for others opportunities and chances in starting their lives. This unreal amount of people, went to USA. As Arthur Miller, a lot of US people, had Italian relatives after this immigration.

Slideshare

Tyres – Questions

Matías Ripoll, Marcos Okecki y Tomás braun.

These are the questions and answers about the story «Tyres» writen by Adam Thorpe.

Questions:
1. (pp396/397) Sum up his boyhood thoughts, opinions and feelings.

2. What attitude does the father, Monsieur Andre Paulhan, have towards the Germans, the Resistance and to his son’s (Raoul) involvement in the war and resistance?

3. Describe his first meeting and emotions with the young girl when Raoul was 14/15 in 1940 and three years later at 17/18. (P399/400)

4. How do these lines reflect the Raoul’s feelings at the end of the story: “Someone who, if suddenly no longer there, can leave a hole in your heart, and a feeling of doom until the moment he or she reappears.”

5 p401 How involved in the Resistance does Raoul think that the young girl and his father are? What does the threat: “Try a nail or two” imply about the father?

6. (p402) What does Raoul do to bring the girl closer to him? How does his father react?

7. Describe Andre’s feelings about religion and about the Petain government. P403 and elsewhere.

8 Finally the romance with Cecile Viala is in the open with Raoul’s family p403/404 How would you describe their feelings for each other?

9.( p405) What has prompted Raoul to sabotage the Gestapo officer’s inner tube?

10. What is the faint hope Raoul has for Cecile as she accepts the ride in the car?

11 . The story ends with a reluctant mood to shift with the times. Explain how this is true.
Answers:

1- Raoul, since he was a kid, he wanted to help his father at work, to continue the legacy. We can see this through the quotation “I started helping my father as soon as I could stand upright”. In addition, this is also hyperbole because he began to assist his father in the factory as soon as he has the qualities. Moreover, through the extract “I was at first scared of the hiss of the compressors, of the great blade that took off the rubber(…). I learnt to see a tyre as sad, when its chin lay flat on the ground, melting away” we can see that despite the fact that at first he was scared of the tools of the factory, he then with the pass of the years he started to know all the parts of the tools and to see the tyres as if they weren’t only objects, he personified them as if they were sad or happy not if they were inflated or flat.

2- His father was neutral with the germans and the resistance because he didn’t hate them nor like them. He worked for them only with the objective of having a living. Moreover, he asked a friend of him not to send the letter for his son to join the army. This happened because he didn’t want him to leave the family company nor die and end the tradition of the family.

3- When Raoul saw the girl for the first time, he had a crush for her. At this time of the story, he changes from ordinary(war) to extraordinary(love). In addition, he describes her in a very childish way, as we can see in the following quotation: “Her skin was so olive that one never saw her blush”. In their second meeting, he showed his matureness, because he had the courage to talk to her. They had an extensive conversation and since then they always greeted each other.

4- These lines foreshadow what is going to happen to Raoul. He said that he was scared that maybe he fell in love and finally she could leave him leaving a hole in his heart. This reflects what is going to happen to Raoul in the end because the girl dies and he is heartbroken.

5- Raoul thinks that his father is in a neutral and doubtful position because he, for one side doesn’t like them because they are in a war against them, however, he has to work for a living so he helps the germans and the maquisards in the company. Moreover, he knows that the girl is very involved in the resistance. Because of this reason, he decides to sabotage the the German car. He loves the girl and also, he is in his rebel years. He is 17 so he wants to be against his father although he said not to do it.

6- After a month the girl had stopped to thank Raoul, he wanted to talk to her again so he “decided to do something clownish, to make her stop again”. He stood in the middle of the road with a bucket full of stones and earth and started to pour it into the pot-hole. Raoul, whose plan succeeded, made the gorgeous girl stop. About his Andre’s reaction, he started to suspect about the girl’s participation in Raoul’s life when he mentioned: “Wipe that bloody stupid grin off your face, or I’ll think you’re up to something”. Raoul, after this order, doubted about what had been happening to his father.

7- First, Andre’s feelings about the catholics were not positive. As Raoul transmits, he “disliked the catholics with a two-hundred-year-old force flowing in his veins”, this means that he did not tolerate them even in the minimum way. In addition, he was against the idea that the Jews were murdered by the Germans. He knew that “the war was a personal attack to his bussiness” because, when he had jews clients, they were taken away and killed by the Germans. This meant, that his company would have less people to be pleased, which meant less cars that would make their economy fall.

8-To begin with, Raoul felt he didn’t deserve Cecile. He had been in love with her since the time he saw her for the first time. He could not talk to her because of his shyness upon the woman who had his head thinking in other things than war or surviving. Cecile caused that Raoul saw the world in a different way, as if it was “the world was suddenly like an immense garden in which we could wander at will”. This means that, for a moment, they were free from the Germans, from war. The extraordinary side was present while they were together.

9- Raoul’s mind, when his moment to fix, or sabotage the car arrived, started to get full of different thoughts and concerns. He first thought about what could happen to him if he sabotaged it, he knew that maybe, if he was caught, he would end up as the people in the museum. However, on the other hand, he remembered the words of the man in the cafe. He didn’t know what to do, his mind was about to explode. Finally, he decided to sabotage the car. He did this firstly, because he loved the girl, that was one of the things that he cared the most. Secondly, because of the words of the man in the cafe and, finally, because he was in his rebel years. Raoul, was 17, and this was the age that he did what he wanted without caring what his father said.

10- As Raoul was running towards the luggage, he saw Cécile having a conversation with the German Maybach and her bicycle placed on the locker. He felt a “kind of terrible chill, which made my heart slow, though it was pumping hard to keep my speed up”. This means that he felt depressed to the extent of having his heart with a low rhythm, however, as he was deeply in love with her, his heart had to beat hard to so that he could run. Moreover, he felt that she was forced to go with the Maybach because of the circumstance she was in.

11- There was a moment where Raoul passed the best period of his life, as he started a relationship with Cecile, after many years of shyness. However, at the end of the story, his feelings of love and happiness became doom and darkness, as Cecile tragically died on a car accident, where she entered a nazi car and crashed on a tree. This situation became even worse, because he had the fault; a member of the maquis had told him to repair German cars in a wrong way, otherwise they would think he was a collaborator. He did this with the Maybach’s luggage, where Cecile later on passed away. This tragedy affected his life completely. At the moment, he still tries to explain what happened. He didn’t get married and he has no children. In addition, he left his father’s business.