During the last historyl classes, we started a project in which, in pairs of two, we had to analyze sources of our book. I was with Tomas Braun and this is our analysis of the sources 1, 3, 4, 9, 13.
SOURCE 1: In the following extract or quotation from Hitler’s biography, we can see his thoughts about the Treaty of Versailles. The German dictator thought they had been humiliated by it´s terms, as it was too harsh. Moreover, Hitler referred as a “robbery” and “disgrace”. This means that as Britain and France had won the war, they took advantage and crippled Germany, without mercy. We can understand that he demanded and was sure they deserved a better treatment as the entire country thought, for example, that they had not started the war, so why should they accept the term “War Guilt”? They agreed that they had participated but claimed that other causes had started it such as Russia’s mobilization or the murder at sarajevo. This anger that was brought about to Hitler, resulted in his willing for revenge and hatred towards the allies.
SOURCE 3: This quote from a German woman who lived in the Ruhr, tells us a lot about how the French treated Germans when they invaded the city. It was clear that, after the First World War, the French were willing to destroy Germany. When the Treaty Of Versailles was signed, Germany accepted paying the war debts. However, although they successfully paid 50 million pounds the first year, the next one they didn’t pay nothing. This made France even more angry, so the invaded the Ruhr as a way of payment through resources and industries. As they were furious, French soldiers didn’t treat people too nicely, but, as this lady says, there was harassment, hunger, poverty and judgement. Moreover, this was seen as a humiliation for Germans
SOURCE 4: In this picture, we can see a representation of Germany’s relationship with Britain and France, and the state of German’s economy. On the one hand, the picture shows how the prime ministers of Britain and France look at Germany while it’s “drowning”. Moreover, they won’t help Germany with a loan. On the other hand, we can see Germany being on her knees in the water, meaning that she has to put much more effort by herself to pull the country out of the economic crisis, and not ask for help to other powerful countries.
SOURCE 9: In the following quote we can understand the people and the inhabitant´s thoughts about hyperinflation. The government and state claimed that hyperinflation was not an easy issue and that it had happened as a consequence of many causes. However, the public criticised them, explaining that they had to pay reparations for being unable to solve the problem and because of the excuses they brought. Moreover, they were so angry at the republic that they never forgave it because of this situation they didn’t managed to deal with.
SOURCE 13: In this poster, we can see that, in Germany, there was a huge cultural revival, similar to the USA’s one. In this specific case, we can see that new cinema stars emerged, and that sex became a talkable topic, not like before. Moreover, nightclubs and bars were created, along with Cabarets, where artist sang songs about politics and sex, which would have shocked and earlier generation of Germans.